The meaning of Cloud Computing (the Cloud) or “Cloud Computing” as it is also known, was first known in 2006, when George Gilder published his article “The Information Factories” in Wired magazine. In it, a virtual cloud model was exposed, similar in structure to grid computing, by allowing the sharing of geographically decentralized resources to solve large-scale problems (Joyanes, 2009), however between 2008 and 2009 the new paradigm finally emerged technology of the Cloud, with all its associated technologies, this was already being foreseen by two major economic headers, Business Week and The Economist, who analyzed in detail cloud computing and its impact on corporations.
We are facing a decisive change in the application of computing in companies since managers must face together with their IT area to consider how to acquire and distribute information in this environment, while protecting the interests of the company . This is where innovative companies must take advantage of new resources and reinvent themselves, those that do not adapt quickly can become out of date and most likely, out of business.
However, Cloud Computing also represents big questions and some problems in highly debated matters, such as data protection, user privacy, the disappearance of the computer as we know it today, replaced by Smartphone equipment, Tablets , or others.
On the Internet there are a diversity of clouds where there are data and applications that make use of an extensive number of servers belonging to the great Internet, which little by little have managed to enter hundreds of companies, universities, administrations, among others who want be favored with the advantages of the use of this technology that allows: having data centers, email available from anywhere, uploading and downloading photos, videos, music, audio streaming, business management, etc.
Some of the technological innovations associated with the Cloud, which are producing social transformations, in addition to technological change are: the Web in real time, geolocation, augmented reality, fourth generation LTE mobile telephony (4G), wireless technologies, QR codes (Bidi), NFC, RFID, wireless sensors, USB, Bluetooth standards and implementation of Wi-Fi and WiMax wireless networks, which are configuring the Internet of the devices.